The Geography of Essex


Essex-- Part 1

Essex is a  county in England, and a home county north and east of London. It borders the counties of Suffolk and Cambridgeshire to the north, Hertfordshire to the west, Kent across the estuary of the River Thames to the south and London to the southwest. Essex County Council is the primary neighborhood authority for much of the county, sharing features with 12 area and borough councils. The county town is Chelmsford. Essex is an area at the second degree for European statistical purposes.

The Ceremonial County forming this region comprises 3 areas of city government: the two-tiered non-metropolitan county of Essex and the unitary authority locations of Thurrock and Southend-on-Sea.

The historical county can be considered the oldest as Wessex and Mercia were replaced for administration considering that before the Norman period and a vestige of the term Northumbria exists in Northumberland-- Essex occupies the eastern portion of the pre-England Kingdom of Essex. Large swathes of the county which are closest to London are part of the Metropolitan Green Belt, which restricts urban advancement in its green spaces. It is the location of the regionally significant Lakeside Shopping Centre and London Stansted Airport; and the new towns of Basildon and Harlow.An Essex Village - Finchingfield


The border with Greater London was developed in 1965 when East Ham and West Ham county boroughs and the Barking, Chingford, Dagenham, Hornchurch, Ilford, Leyton, Romford, Walthamstow and Wanstead and Woodford areas ] were moved to form the London boroughs of Barking, Havering, Newham, Redbridge and Waltham Forest. Essex entered into the East of England Government Office Region in 1994 and was statistically counted as part of that region from 1999, having actually previously been part of the South East England area.

In 1998 the boroughs of Southend-on-Sea and Thurrock were given autonomy from the management county of Essex after successful requests to become unitary authorities (numbered 13 and 14 on the map to the right).


The highest point of the county of Essex is Chrishall Common near the town of Langley, near the Hertfordshire border, which reaches 482 feet (147 m). The ceremonial county of Essex is bounded to the south by the River Thames and its estuary (a boundary shared with Kent); to the southwest by Greater London; to the west by Hertfordshire with the limit largely defined by the River Lea and the Stort; to the northwest by Cambridgeshire; to the north by Suffolk, a limit generally defined by the River Stour; and to the eastern by the North Sea.


Marketing is mostly limited to the south of the county, with most of the land elsewhere being given over to agriculture. Harlow is a center for electronic devices, science and pharmaceutical companies, while Chelmsford is the home of Marconi (now called telent plc and possessed by Ericsson of Sweden considering that 2005), Basildon home to New Holland Agriculture's European headquarters and Brentwood home to the Ford Motor Company's European HQ. Debden near Loughton is a production center for British and foreign banknotes. Chelmsford has been an important place for electronic devices companies because the market was born, is likewise the place for a variety of insurance and financial services organizations, and is the home of the sodas manufacturer Britvic. Various other companies in the county are dominated by mechanical engineering consisting of but not limited to metalworking, glassmaking and plastics and the service sector.


Colchester is a fort town, and the local economic climate is assisted by the Army's workers living there. Basildon is the place of State Street Corporation's United Kingdom HQ International Financial Data Services, and remains heavily based on London for employment, due to its proximity and direct transport courses. Southend-on-Sea is home to the Adventure Island theme park and is one of the few still expanding British Seaside resorts, taking advantage of direct, modern rail links from Fenchurch Street railway station and Liverpool Street station (placing housing in high need, especially for monetary services commuters), which thus keeps the town's commercial and basic economic climate.


Essex - Geography - Part 2